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Tourist information about Cusco

Cuzco, which has been declared UNESCO World Heritage Site, was once the capital of the Inca Empire and the Tahuantinsuyo Empire's main city. Moreover, the Incas considered the city to be the "navel of the world".

According to the legend, the city was founded by Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo between the XI and XII centuries. Later, the Spaniards, ordered by Francisco Pizarro, undertook the construction of a new city on the foundations of the old Inca city in 1534.

Located at an altitude of 3360 meters above sea level and covering an area of 71892 Km2, this city is bordered by Junín and Ucayali to the north, Puno and Arequipa to the south, Apurímac and Ayacucho to the west and the "Madre de Dios" plain to the east.

This city offers visitors a wide variety of cultural, historic and natural attractions. Due to the large number of archaeological ruins, museums, churches and squares that can be enjoyed here, Cuzco is Peru's main tourist centre.

Cuzco is the starting point for learning about the history of the Inca Empire. We will start in Cuzco and continue along the surroundings visiting the Sacsayhuaman, Kenko, TamboMachay, Pisac, Ollantaytambo ruins and the Machu Picchu Sanctuary.

Climate in Cuzco shows two different periods, a dry period and a humid period. Average temperature is 11°C though in the sylvan areas the temperature may reach 25°C.

Main Square Cusco


Cusco accommodation

Through it is possible to make reservations by phone or on-line for accommodation in Hotels, apartments, Apart-Hotels or Resorts located in different spots of the city.

In order to experience an enjoyable and pleasant stay near your area of interest a hotel downtown Arequipa, or in different areas of the city, can be booked.

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Accommodation Cusco


Sightseens & Tours in Cusco

Among the many attractions Cusco has to offer, the Temple of the Sun or “golden enclosure”, the ruins of Machu Picchu or “lost city” and the Ollantaytambo are a must for tourists.

From outdoor recreational opportunities for adventure holiday lovers to amazing historic sites and stunningly beautiful landscapes, a broad range of attractions are available here for tourists to hugely enjoy their holidays.

For example, the picturesque San Blas neighborhood, where a vast number of Cusco’s craftsmen can be found, decorating the landscape with their workshops.


Another well worth visiting attractions are “La Piedra de los 12 ángulos” (The Twelve Angled stone) in Hatunrumiyoc, which used to be the Inca Roca Palace, and the great Sacsayhuaman fortress.

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Templo del Sol Cusco


Machu Picchu

The continent’s best known and most beautiful archaeological park, Machu Picchu was designated as an UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Machu Picchu was discovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham and it is widely believed that such amazing discovery was made by chance, since it was Vilcabamba city, the last Inca refugee, what this man was really looking for.

Formerly known as Picchu o Piccho, since colonial times this legendary place has been divided into two main parts: the old part, "Machu" and the young part, "Wayna". Picchu means “hill” and form the combination of the two terms results the name “old hill”.


Only a few people lived in the citadel of Machu Picchu, probably no more than 200 or 300, and, if what we suspect is true, all of them were of high rank and were linked to the lineage of the Inca.

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Machu Picchu Cusco


History of Cusco: the most ancient of America's current cities

Although evidence regarding the origin of Cuzco’s founders is still quiet unclear nowadays, we do have some information about the years that have gone by since then, basing on the pre-ceramic pieces analyzed.

Two important periods can be identified in Machu Picchu’s early history. The first one was the Formative period, when population began to settle from the Cusco Valley and the second one is known as the Sedentary period, when the population settles in Marcavalle.

Many years later, about the year 1200 D.C. a new population began to appear, the Inca population, which 200 years later became really large.

The Inca empire collapsed under Spanish conquest on the 15th November 1533. It was then when the capital was moved to Lima and Jose Gabriel Tupac Amaru, who led the uprising against the Spanish rule in Latin America, became the symbol of Peruvian independence. 


After a vast number of deaths and fights, and with the support of all Latin Americans, Peru achieved independence from Spain in 1821, being designated as “South America’s Archaeological Capital” by the American Congress 112 years later.
Ollantaytambo Cusco


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