Information of Iguassu Falls
The Cataratas del Iguazu were discovered in 1541,
their name come from the guaraní language “Y-
Guazu”, synonym of “Big Waters”, nowadays
are part of what today the Unesco considers Natural World
The falls are the result of the confluence of Iguassu river
and the Parana river where many islands divide the running
generating in that way more than 270 water falls of up to
82 mts. of height and 4 mts. wide.
Apart of this majestic when talking about the incredible
dimensions, this zone is also characterized by the orange
and reddish colors of the “lateritica” ground.
This particular name is because of the presence of the mineral
“laterita” in its constitution.
The word “laterita” has its root in “later”
that means “brick” and according to the scientific
explanation is composed by aluminum, silica and mainly iron
In clime of subtropical character, this element tends to
“rust” itself, having as a result as it can
be seen a similar color like bricks color.
The Iguassu falls are shared by Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay,
by the zone that was named as Triple frontier. In this way,
it is possible to get to them from the city of Iguazu Port
(Argentina) from Foz do Iguaçu (Brazil) or form Ciudad
del Este (Paraguay).
The Falls and the Iguassu river
The Iguassu river is the
reason of its name; a river almost with own life from its
beginning in the zone of Sierra do Mar on the south of Brazil
up to when it becomes part of the falls, measures nearly
one thousand three hundred kilometers of running.
The Iguassu falls itself, could be described as a group
of two hundred and seventy five falls that make a fantastic
semi circle of three kilometers of diameter. The Iguassu
river ends on the Parana river, this happens nearly at twenty
three kilometers from the falls.
But it is not enough to know these geographical details
to imagine the beauty and majestic, it is mainly the imagination
the one that is in charge of the rest, and even more when
we are talking about the sound of each fall or the rainbow
that the water vapor constantly creates.
Each waterfall has its own magician and attraction, but
it is worth saying that the most well known are: Dos Hermanas,
Adán y Eva, Rivadavia, Bosseti and Tres Mosqueteros.
Anyway the most important is Union which is the most famous
and spectacular of all the waterfalls: the Garganta del
Diablo. This one besides, represents the division of the
Brazilian lands and Argentinean lands.
GARGANTA DEL DIABLO
Formation of the Iguassu Falls
From a structural point of
view, all the zone of the Iguassu Waterfalls is related
to the Brazilian massif.
According to what specialists of this phenomenon have studied,
from a geological perspective, it is possible to affirm
that one hundred thousand years ago this enormous rocks
where, where today is the Triple frontier.
The most certain explanation says that the zone has suffered
many movements of the earth crust in both ascendant and
descendant ways, apart of many fractures that happened due
In this way and taking into consideration the changing
hardness of the rocks that are part of the waterfalls, the
water could mold a very particular landscape. With its great
force, the water has been wearing out up to crumble enormous
pieces of rocks that finally deposit at the bottom resulting
in a backward movement.
History of the Iguassu Waterfalls
In the 1541 this majestic gift
of the nature was discovered by the conqueror and gubernator,
Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca, one of members of the
considered as “the advanced”.
The history of the discovery started when this Spanish
conqueror was elected as the new gubernator of Paraguay,
when he decided to start the trip to Asuncion form Santa
Catalina of Brazil.
Since then and proud of discovering them, he decided to
baptize as “Saltos de Santa Maria”, reminding
of the virgin who was the Protector of his expedition.
Unfortunately for him and his partners this name was not
used and the waterfalls where called by its original guaraní
name “Y Guazú”, it means “Big Water”.
Circuits in the National Iguassu Park
The amazing National Iguassu
park is on the northwest zone of the Argentinean province
of Misiones, its limits are the frontiers of Paraguay and
Due to its vary and exuberant vegetation and fauna that
characterizes it, in the park they have strategically designed
many circuit to enjoy the typical attributes of this natural
• Centre of interpretation “Ybirá Reta”
• Inferior circuit (2 hours)
• Superior circuit (1:30 hours)
• Garganta del Diablo circuit (2 hours)
• San Martín circuit (2 hours)
• Green path (20 minutes)
• Macuco path (3 hours)
• Comercial centre of handmade crafts and exposition
Here we can show the time that corresponds to different
tours and transfer in the Ecological Train of the Forest:
• Central Station - Cataratas Station: 10 minutes.
• Central Station – Garganta del Diablo Station:
• Add to this time 10 minutes to ascend and descend.