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Moneda Street in Mexico City

The well known Calle de Moneda (a street named Moneda) is definitely one of the city's major attractions. The main buildings of the Historic Center can be seen along this street.

The University

One example of such buildings is America's first University, which was built by order of Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza and Juan de Zumárraga. The University was founded on the 21st September 1551.


Later, members of government intended to use it as a weapon against the opposition movement that was gaining strength. However, Viceroy Venegas refused and the building became a Headquarters.


After the city achieved independence, president Gomez Farias decided that the headquarters ought to be replaced by teaching centers.

Moneda Street


National Museum of Cultures

The main aim of this building was to store the machinery to mint coins with cords. Construction works began in 1731 and three years later they were finished.


In 1847 it was decided that this house had to be leased to privates for a period not longer than ten years. After this period ended, contractors were left in charge of the minting and this building remained as the Casa de la Moneda until 1850.


Fifteen years later Emperor Maximiliano made an order for the building to become a Public Museum of History, Natural History and Archaeology. Nowadays, this renovated building is headquarters of the Museo Nacional de las Culturas (National Museum of Cultures).

National Museum of Cultures


The First Printing Press

Transported to Mexico between 1534 and 1539, also by orders of Viceroy Antonio Mendoza and bishop Juan de Zumárraga, America's first printing press is located in the heart of Calle de Moneda (a street named "Moneda").


In 1539 Sevillian printer Juan Cromberger made an order for Juan Pablos, a typographer, to come to Mexico. Later, the first printing works was set up and was named Casa de las Campanas.


However, it is believed that before this printing works was set up, a neighbor named Esteban has been the "printer".

Palace of the ex Archbishopric

The building were the ex Archbishopric used to work was built in 1530 as a Bishopric and it is Mexico's most ancient one regarding hierarchy. Towards the end of the XVI century, it governed up to Manila.


At times when the Baroque style was at its peak, two hundred years later, the building had to be rebuilt and restored and the changes made resulted in what can be seen nowadays.


It was Archbishop Juan Antonio Bizarrón y Equiarreta, governor of the diocese until 1749, who encouraged the works to restore the building.


The building gained great popularity after archaeological remains were found in one of its patios. Among these discoveries, a Pre-Hispanic monolith was found and named gladiatorial sacrificing stone.

Palace of the ex Archbishopric


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